Glass containers for wine and beer were in use 1,600 years ago, but widespread use began in the late 17th century. Large-scale production of bottles was invented in the United States by Caspar Wistar in 1739 at his New Jersey plant. The carbonation process for producing soft drinks that was begun in the 1770’s, created an entirely new bottling industry. During the Great Exhibition of 1851 in the Crystal Palace in London, one million “pop” bottles were consumed. Then followed the first beer pasteurized in glass, produced in Copenhagen in 1870, with pasteurization of milk following soon after.